TEXTILE DICTIONARY AND TERMS RELATING TO TEXTILE
Laine. French for wool.
La Jerz.* Trade name for soft, wash silk fabric resembling knit goods. Uses: lingerie, shirts, blouses. Weave—fancy.
Width, 36". Lampas. Drapery fabric similar to brocade. Originally an East Indian printed silk. Jacquard weave with rep ground having satin-like figures formed by warp yarns and contrasting figures of the weft yarns. Lansdowne. Trade name for silk and wool dress fabric.
Lanasatoscopio. Instrument, made in Italy, for identifying animal and vegetable fibres in cloth, by electrical contact.
Lappet. Kind of weaving by which designs are embroidered on a fabric. Latch needle. Type of needle most umversally used on knitting machines.
Lawn. Name from Laon, France, where it originally was made of linen. Light, thin, cotton material, usually sized and highly polished. May have soft or stiff finish. Coarse grade called "lining lawn". White, dyed or printed.
Uses: dresses, waists, curtains, linings. Weave—plain. Width, 24", 27", 36", 45". See India linon.
Leno. Weave, incorrectly called Gauze, in which warp yarns are arranged in pairs twisting around one another between picks of filling yarn, as in marquisette.
Liberty. Name given by Liberty, London and Paris to their products. Exclusive designs originally in silk, noted for beauty of color and texture
Line. Long flax fibres as distinguished from the short ones called "tow".
Linen cambric. See Cambric.
Linen canvas. See Canvas.
Linen Mesh. Open mesh knit fabric used for infants' shirts and men's underwear. Mixtures of linen and cotton often used. Advantages are ventilation, cleanliness, absorbency and strength. Width, 30", 54".
Linenized. See Basco.
Linen finish suitings. Large class of fabrics many of which bear trade names. Mercerized cotton yarns and calendering processes are used to give linen-like finish. These fabrics vary in weight and finish. Usually launder and wear well. Uses: skirts, uniforms, middies, aprons. Weave—plain. Width, 36", 45". Some of the trade names areLinno Cloth* Indian Head*, Linette*.
Linette, See Linen finish suitings.
Lingette. Registered trade name for soft, mercerized sateen of beautiful texture. Woven in stripes of self color by using yarns of right and left hand twist for warp. Uses: linings, pajamas, bloomers, slips. Weave—satin. Width, 36". Buty Chine* is another trade named fabric, of similar construction.
Linno cloth . See Linen finish suitings.
Lingerie fabrics (pr. lan-zh-rc). Originally linen undergarments for women. Many textures in cotton used for underwear. Also silk or rayon. May be plain or satin weave, white or tinted, mercerized or unmercerized cotton.
Linters. Short cotton fibres which adhere to the seed after the first ginning. Useful for upholstering or manufacture of rayon; sometimes in low grade fabrics.
Lisle. Originally a fine, hard linen thread made in Lisle, France. Now a fine, smooth cotton yarn, two-ply, for knitting purposes made from long staple cotton, tightly spun and gassed. Used in lisle gloves, hosiery and underwear.
Lissue.* Trade name for fine mercerized cotton handkerchiefs made in England. Colored borders are guaranteed.
List. Old term meaning selvage.
Llama. Smooth, long, brown hair from South American animal, the llama, similar to a goat.
Loading. See Weighting.
Longcloth. Light-weight, unfinished, bleached muslin, free from starch or sizing. Easy to sew and launders well. Uses: underwear and linings. Weave—plain. Width, 36", 45". Usually 36".
Long staple. See Staple.
Louisine. Light-weight, silk fabric resembling taffeta except for variation in plain weave. No longer on the market.
Lustering. Finishing process which produces a lustre on yarns or cloth by heat and pressure.
Lustrine. An extremely smooth cotton lining fabric. It resembles upholstery haircloth. Yarns treated with lead solution and polished with heat and pressure, giving them a peculiar smoothness. Use: sleeve linings for men's overcoats. Weave—satin. Width, 40", 42".
Lustron. Trade name for a brand of rayon fibre made by the acetate process. See Rayon