Honiton Bobbin Lace History
THE lace industry of Honiton is supposed to have been founded in the 16th C.. An early reference to lace-making is to be found in 1577 in Hellowes "Familiar Epistles of Sir Anthony of Gueuara," where he writes of seeing a woman " take her cushion for bone-lace or her rock to spinne." The Honiton bone-lace manufacture is already mentioned in 1620 by Westcott, and the often quoted inscription upon the tombstone of James Rodgein Honiton churchyard proves that the industry was well established in James I.'s reign. A survey taken in 1698 revealed that a quarter of the East Devon population were lace makers. 1,341 of them lived in the town of Honiton.
early Honiton Lace
This was in the reign of William and Mary when Honiton lace was at its very best, but the quality of the thread has always been one of the weak points of English lace. No first-class flax thread has ever been spun in this country, and although that imported from Flanders into Devonshire was extremely costly it seems to have been inferior to that actually used for Flemish laces of the highest grade. The fine Honiton laces of the Brussels type disappeared in the first quarter of the eighteenth century, and from that date up to about 1800 the history of the industry is a blank.
Honiton 18th c.