She was the daughter of a wealthy rector in Lincolnshire (UK). Anna Maria Garthwaite was a leading designer of the early English silk industry. She created over 1000 designs. Many of her designs in water color have survived and are in the collection of the Victoria & Albert Museum, London. Her work is based on botanical forms and her designs change to become closer to real nature from 1742 to a point it's often easy to recognize the flower variety. The favorites are auriculas, honeysuckle, daisies, tulips,Convolvulus tricolor, lilies and aloe leaves.
Brocaded Silk, 1748
|Compared to the French designs of the same period the English style is closer to nature. Flowers are smaller and less stylized than in France.||
Typical design of English dress silk. A similar pattern can be seen at the Art Institute of Chicago
|A source of inspiration for Anna Maria Garthwaite could have been the nursery gardens of experimental horticulturists near Spitalfields.||
Original design at V&A museum
The largest collection of designs by Anna Maria Garthwaite is at V&A Museum.
Jenkins, David.: The Cambridge History of Western Textiles, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003
Ginsburg, Garthwaite, Anna Maria (1688–1763?)Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press 2004
Anna Maria Garthwaite WIKIPEDIA
Spitalfields Pattern Books, V&A images